Orthopaedic Neurology A Diagnostic Guide to Neurologic Levels pdf
The spinal cord is divided into segments. Nerve roots exit the spinal cord at each segmental level, and are numbered in relation to the level from which they exit. There are eight cervical, twelve thoracic, five lumbar, and five
sacral nerves. The C5-T I segments innervate the upper extremity, and the T 12-S4 segments the lower extremity; these two sections of the cord have the greatest clinical significance.Orthopaedic Neurology A Diagnostic Guide to Neurologic Levels pdf helps us to diagnose the exact level of the spinal injury.
Pathology affecting the spinal cord and nerve roots commonly produces symptoms and signs in the extremities according to the specific neurologic levels involved. These levels can usually be diagnosed clinically,. since each level of injury has its own characteristic pattern of denervation.The common denominator in injuries to either the cord or the nerve root lies in the segmental pattern of alteration of motor power, sensation, and reflex in the extremities.
Orthopaedic Neurology A Diagnostic Guide to Neurologic Levels pdf content :
Chapter 1. Evaluation of Nerve Root Lesions Involving the Upper Extremity
Chapter 2. Evaluation of Nerve Root Lesions Involving the Trunk and Lower Extremity
Chapter 3. Cervical Cord Lesions: Tetraplegia.
Chapter 4. Spinal Cord Lesions Below Tl, Including tbe Cauda Equina
Chapter 5. Meningomyelocele